EnglishFrenchGermanItalianPortugueseRussianSpanish

'Drone bases in Africa' - US secret drone bases

You need to have the Flash Player installed and a browser with JavaScript support.

Thanks! Share it with your friends!

URL

You disliked this video. Thanks for the feedback!

Sorry, only registred users can create playlists.
URL


Published by Administrator in United state
1,456 Views

Description

'US builds secret drone bases in Africa'

United States is to build a series of new secret drone bases in Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, in an attempt to target suspected militants in Somalia and Yemen.

Show more

Post your comment

Comments

Be the first to comment

Iran

»
پروندهٔ دو امام تازی Image

81 views

پروندهٔ دو امام تازی

پروندهٔ دو امام تازی. حسن و حسین

براینکه درک و داوری درستی از دژُنام گویان و دژُآگاهان، دغلکاران و دلقکان، دعانویسان و دروغ پردازان دین، یعنی پیروان پژوین و پشماگند تاریک بین و تازیک اندیش داشته باشیم. باید با سویج یا سُنبه و سُوندی سُنباننده به سودن و سُفتن در ترازوی تاریخ، بمثابهٔ ساینتیفیک هیستوری البته با مدد و متد سافیس تیکیت و فیلوسوفیک آنرا مورد کنُش و کنکاش قرار دهیم تا در غرقاب غبار غسل و غساله های غداره بند توضیح المسائل نویس ها و دعانویس های دیوان تفتیش عقاید شرطه های شرعی ـ عربی، غرق نشویم.

وقتی که ترکان قشری قزلباش به سرکردکی شاه اسماعیل صفوی یک شبه با دروغ و دغلکاری و با داخل کردن یا وارد کردن کاروانی از آخوند و انگل، اهریمن و اجنه، رجاله و روضه خوان، راهزن و رمه بان، رند و رمال، جاهل و جمل سوار، جادوگر و جنبل باف از جبل عامل لبنان تا عراق از شام تا یمن و بحرین، توانست یکبار دیگر همچون سلف خود سعدوقاص، مردم ایران را با زور و ذوالفقار قاریان قبح و قمه کشان قزلباس، مجبور و محکوم به پذیرش و گردن نهادن قلادهٔ غلامی قصابان جدیدی از تبار وحشیان تبهکار تازی، بنام شیعه اثناعشری ـ عربی را بجای تسنن ترکی ـ تازی وادار سازد. تا بدین وسیله شبهٔ شوم بساط سیطره تحجر و تعزیه گری، زنجیر زنی و قمه زنی، سینه زنی و سیه روزی،آشوبگری و آشوراسالاری،شیخ شنیع و شام غریبانی را به همراه کارخانهٔ مسخ و مهدیه گری را با جهولت و جلادی، تمام وکمال در سراسر آسمان ایران زمین بگستراند 

ـ برعکس ادعای آستان بوس ها و اختابوس های رجزخوان و رجاله های رذالت پیشهٔ روضه خوان و رجم گر آثناعشری ـ عربی حاکم بر ایران، بیائید دمی ، کمی هم به افادهٔ افاضات یا آراجیف ابتذال گونه، پژوین و پلشت ابا عبدالله یعنی امام الحسین علیه العرب تازی را از زبان ضریس بن عبدالملک بشنوید که می گوید: از ابا عبدالله امام الحسین علیه السلام بشنیدم که فریش و فرمایش می کرد که " ما همه از تبار قمه کشان قریشیم و پیروان عرب تازی و دُشمنان قسم خورده عجم هستیم، واضع و واعظ است که هر عرب تازی بهتر و بهین تر و بالاتر و برتر از هر عجم می باشد و هر عجم فرومایه تر و فرودست تر از هر عرب تازی می باشد. باز همو مرتکب فضیلت فخارانه می شود و در ادامه می فرماید که باید ایرانیان را به مدینه آورد و زنانشان را برای زفاف و ذکاة فروخت و مردانشان را به بردگی و بندگی عرب ها مجبور کرد" (1 ) نقل و قول این مطالب: سقیته البحار و مدینه الاحکام و آثار. تالیف حاج شیخ عباس قمی در کتاب شیعه گری نوشته مسعود انصاری صفحه 54

"حتی اسناد تاریخی تصدیق شده و تائید شده بسیاری گواه بر این مدعای مستند و موثق می باشد که برای ترور و تصرف طبرستان در زمان خلافت خاسر و خبیث، خناس و خدعه عثمان عرب، جنگ سختی به سرداری و سر جلادی سعیدبن عاص در آن منطقه درگرفت که در نتیجهٔ شهامت و رشادت مردم ناکام ماند، از جمله سرکردگان و سرگردن زنان این ساطور بدست عرب، حسن و حسین، فرزندان علی ابی طالب، قمه کش و قاتل قوم و قبیله بنی قریظه بودند "

(2) برای صحت و صحیح بودن صرافانه این ادعای گوینده مراجعه شود به تاریخ طبری جلد پنجم، صفحه 2116 ، فتوح البلدان صفحه 183 ، مختصرالبلدان صفحه 152

البته در بسیاری از کتب تاریخی عرب و اروپائی به وفور و  وثوق آمده است که از بدو تجاوز و تصرف ایران توسط تازیان تبهکار، همیشه تبعیض نژادی به همراه تعرض و  تعقیب، تهدید و تعزیر، یکی از شگردهای شقی و شیادانه، شیطان صفتانه و شعبده بازانهٔ شمشیرکشان شرعی بوده است که چه بطور مستقیم و چه غیر مستقیم توسط ستون پنجمی بنام شیاطین الفقها یا فقیه الشیاطین تازی تبار علیه ایرانیان اعمال می شد.

تا جائیکه تازیان مسلمان بری تحقیر و تمسخر، توهین و تکفیر ایرانیان، می گفتند که سه چیز در اسلام تازیان وجود دارد که نماز یعنی این نماد نوکری و نوچه گری به دُژگاه یا درگاه سوسمارزادگان سمی - صحرائی  قمه کشان قریشی را باطل می کند: یکی سگ و دومی اُلاغ و سومی ایرانی میباشد.

1 ـ نقل و قول این مطالب: سقیته البحار و مدینه الاحکام و آثار. تالیف حاج شیخ عباس قمی در کتاب شیعه گری نوشته مسعود انصاری صفحه

2ـ برای صحت و صحیح بودن صرافانه این ادعای گوینده مراجعه شود به تاریخ طبری جلد پنجم، صفحه 2116 ، فتوح البلدان صفحه 183 ، مختصرالبلدان صفحه 152

نوشتهٔ دکتر شجاع الدین شفا

تازیان مسلمان و فرهنگ کتاب سوزانی Image

239 views

تازیان مسلمان و فرهنگ کتاب سوزانی

تازیان مسلمان و فرهنگ کتاب سوزانی
سخنی سگالنده و سُنبانده در حاشیهٔ سوزاندن اسناد تاریخی دوران پهلوی.
در واقع آنچه را که امروز ولایت واپسگرا و ویرانگر فقیه بطور وُستاخانه و وحشیانه در سرزمین آریائیان، تحت عنوان تاریخ سوزانی یا کتاب سوزانی مرتکب می شود، در اصل و اساس خویش، چیزی بجز تکرار همان تازش و ترور یا توهین و تخریب تازیان صدر اسلامی در راستای فروپاشی و فراموش سازی فرهنگ فروزنندهٔ پارسیان نمی باشد.
اهداف شرارت گونه و شقاوت گونهٔ این شیاطین و شرطه های شرعی اسلامی این است که با تقلب و تخلف تاریخی به همراه تکنیک و تکنولوژی تنفر و آتش تنور علیه تجدد ایرانی، تتمه یا، ته مانده، و تفالهٔ تعفن بار در حال تباهی و تلاشی تمدن یا تحجر تهبکارانهٔ تازیان را تبرئه و تبرک نمایند چراکه یکی از صفات ددمنشان و دیوسارانهٔ تازیان دخمه و دالان یا دهلیز غار حرائی بجز غارتگری و غنیمت گیری، ویرانگری و وحشی گری به همراه تحقیر و تعقیب ایرانیان، کتاب سوزانی بوده است تا سطح فرازمندانهٔ فرهنگ پارسیان را به سطح نازل و نحس و نعش نجس رطیل زادگان، راهزنان، رمامالان، رجم گران رذل، کاهش دهند. تا جائیکه ابوریحان بیرونی در " آثارالباقیه " نوشته است: وقتی که قتیبهَ بن مسلم به خوارزم مشرف شد و در دروازه آن شهر با شمشیر بگشود، هرکس که توانایی خواندن و خط نوشتن داشت یا می توانست از تاریخ و تمدن و تجدد نیاکان خود اطلاع و آگاهی داشته باشد، آن مردم را به همراه کتاب هایشان یا از دم تیغ گذرانید یا در آتش تنور بسوزانید تا مردم باقی مانده، مردمی باشند بی سواد تا آنها بتوانند به آسانی یا با زور و ذوالفقار یا قهر و قمهٔ قریشی آنها را به پذیرش عبودیت و بندگی برای اعراب اُم القرائی ـ قرآنی، وادار سازند

تجاوز و توحش هزار و چهارصد ساله Image

277 views

تجاوز و توحش هزار و چهارصد ساله

تجاوز و توحش هزار و چهارصد ساله
نیک پرس
بحثی بصیرنده و بسیجنده ، پژوهنده و پیام رساننده پیرامون تقارُب و تجاوز جنسی یا بر حسب حکمت وقیح وُستاخانهٔ عمله های عُمال و حمال ابلیسان ائمه اطهار و ائمه انصار فرقه والایت وادی الاجنهٔ حاکم بر سرزمین کهن مزده یسنیٰ، زروانی ـ زرتشتی آریائیان، جزیه و جریمه یا جماع جائرانه و جبارانه، جانورانه و جنایتکارانهٔ جنت جُهول و جنون شرطه های شریر و شرعی اسلام تازی ـ تعزیری عرب عربستانی به دو نوجوان به اصطلاع ایرانی، که گویا عمیقاَ یا علیلاً تحت تأثیر تأدیب و تربیت تبلیغاتی تازی الاتباران، در مغزشوئی خانه های مشتی ملا و مفتی مفتخور و مزدور ، مکار و موعظه گر، مفلوک و مُخلا، مستهجن و متعفن مساجد و مسخ خانه ها، قرار گرفته بودند و مشتاقانه یا متملقانه برای تقرُب و تقدیس، تمکین و تعظیم، طواف و تطهیر یعنی برای اثبات حقارت و عبودیت عفریت گونه و ادای نوکری و نوچه گری در مقابل منارهٔ نعش و مکعب نحس تاریک و تازیک بطور خمیده و خماننده، به نماز و نیاز در جهت رسیدن به قضای حاجت حج عمره به محضر محترم تربت آن حضرت تازی التعالیٰ، شرف یاب شده بودند، شرمگینانه و شرم سارانه در معرض تعرض یا تجاوز شق الشهوت تازیان مسلمان قرار می گیرند که مایهٔ بسی آفرین و فریش گفتن است برای ایرانی نمایان تازی التباری که بدون هیچ گونه شرافت و شرم ملی، با بلاغت و بلاهت بلند پروازانه از ین همه بزل و بخشش جنسی عرب های تازی به خود می بالند یا می مالند. زیرا در مکتب مطیع و میمون وار مذلت شده و ملوث شدهٔ مدیحه گویان مدینهٔ ملایان ولایت فقیه، دخالت و دخول، تزریق و تزکیه جنسی بادیه نشینان تازی ، بار مدنی ـ مسلمانی یا ذخیره ذکاوت و توشه ذکات اُم القرائی ـ قریشی آنان را در امور دنیوی و اُخروی فروزش و فزونی می بخشد.
باتوجه به تأسف و تعفن بار بودن این تراژدی و توحش تحقیر گونه تعزیر جنسی یا تأدیب و تربیت اسلامی، گوینده کوشش می کند با بهره مندی بهین گونه از براهین و برآوردهای براق و برُنده تاریخی مورخان و محققان، معدثان و مفسران بومی و غیر بومی، ترازبندی هرچند مختصر و مرخمی را از تازش و تجاوز مُستجاب و مُستدام یا مداوم تازیان در طی این هزارو چهارصد ساله چیره و چپاول ننگین و چرکین این چماقداران و چوپانان چابنده و چاچُول بازانه را چه به صورت تسنن تازی ـ ترکی و چه به صورت تشیع علوی ـ عربی را به عرض شنوندگان،و خوانندگان یا بیندگان برسانم. امید است که ایفاء گر نقشی آگاه کننده و آشورنده، آژیرنده و آتش آفروزنده را در جهت رنسانس و رستاخیز یا فراشکرد فرازستان فرهنگ دوباره آریائی ـ ایرانی داشته باشد.
1 ـ رسول زادگان یا بهتر گفته باشم رطیل زادگان تازی از بدو سیطره سبُعانه و سفاکانه خود بر ایران، کسانی را که دین این ددمنشان و دغلکاران یا دُزدان دوزخی را نمی پذیرفتند یا از پرداخت و پردازش جزیه و جریمه به این قمه کشان و قصاص گران قریشی ـ قشری، سرباز می زنند بدون قلمداد کردن ذّمه یا امان دادن بی رحمانه و با بربریت تمام بخاطر دست یازیدن به زر و زن شان با اهرم زور و ذوالفقار قتل عام می کردند.
2 ـ از همان ابتدای تسلط تهبکارانه تازیان، زبان و خط پهلوی را متروک و ممنوع شمردند تا جائی که به سبیل و سمومی سوسمارانه و سفاکانه با نیش و نیشتر عقرب گونه به نکوهس کردن آداب و عادات و سنن کهن ایرانی ـ آریائی، می پرداختند.
3 ـ یکی از صفات ددمنشان و دیوسارانهٔ تازیان دخمه و دالان یا دهلیز غار حرائی بجز غارتگری و غنیمت گیری، ویرانگری و وحشی گری به همراه تحقیر و تعقیب ایرانیان، کتاب سوزانی بوده است تا سطح فرازمندانهٔ فرهنگ پارسیان را به سطح نازل و نحس و نعش نجس رطیل زادگان، راهزنان، رمملان، رجم گران رذل، کاهش دهند. تا جائیکه ابوریحان بیرونی در " آثارالباقیه " نوشته است: وقتی که قتیبهَ بن مسلم به خوارزم مشرف شد و در دروازه آن شهر با شمشیر بگشود، هرکس که توانایی خواندن و خط نوشتن داشت یا می توانست از تاریخ و تمدن و تجدد نیاکان خود اطلاع و آگاهی داشته باشد، آن مردم را به همراه کتاب هایشان یا از دم تیغ گذرانید یا در آتش تنور بسوزانید تا مردم باقی مانده، مردمی باشند بی سواد تا آنها بتوانند به آسانی یا با زور و ذوالفقار یا قهر و قمهٔ قریشی آنها را به پذیرش عبودیت و بندگی برای اعراب اُم القرائی ـ قرآنی، وادار سازند.
4 ـ برعکس ادعای آستان بوس ها و اختابوس های رجزخوان و رجاله های رذالت پیشهٔ روضه خوان و رجم گر آثناعشری ـ عربی حاکم بر ایران، بیائید دمی ، کمی هم به افادهٔ افاضات یا آراجیف ابتذال گونه، پژوین و پلشت ابا عبدالله یعنی امام الحسین علیه العرب تازی را از زبان ضریس بن عبدالملک بشنوید که می گوید: از ابا عبدالله امام احسین علیه السلام بشنیدم که فریش و فرمایش می کرد که " ما همه از تبار قمه کشان قریشیم و پیروان عرب تازی و دُشمنان قسم خورده عجم هستیم، واضع و واعظ است که هر عرب تازی بهتر و بهین تر و بالاتر و برتر از هر عجم می باشد و هر عجم فرومایه تر و فرودست تر از هر عرب تازی می باشد. باز همو مرتکب فضیلت فخارانه می شود و در ادامه می فرماید که باید ایرانیان را به مدینه آورد و زنانشان را برای زفاف و ذکاة فروخت و مردانشان را به بردگی و بندگی عرب ها مجبور کرد" (1 ) نقل و قول این مطالب: سقیته البحار و مدینه الاحکام و آثار. تالیف حاج شیخ عباس قمی در کتاب شیعه گری نوشته مسعود انصاری صفحه 54 .
"حتی اسناد تاریخی تصدیق شده و تائید شده بسیاری گواه بر این مدعای مستند و موثق می باشد که برای ترور و تصرف طبرستان در زمان خلافت خاسر وخبیث، خناس و خدعه عثمان عرب، جنگ سختی به سرداری و سر جلادی سعیدبن عاص در آن منطقه درگرفت که در نتیجهٔ شهامت و رشادت مردم ناکام ماند، از جمله سرکردگان و سرگردن زنان این ساطور بدست عرب، حسن و حسین،وفرزندان علی ابی طالب، قمه کش و قاتل قوم وقبیله بنی قریظه بودند."(2)
برای صحت و صحیح بودن صرافانه این ادعای گوینده مراجعه شود به تاریخ طبری جلد پنجم، صفحه 2116 ، فتوح البلدان صفحه 183 ، مختصرالبلدان صفحه 152 .
5 ـ" قتل عام بربرگونهٔ برمکیان ایرانی بدست هارون خلیفه تازیان مسلمان، نمونه دیگری است از توحش تهبکارانهٔ تاریخی تسلط این دیو صفتان و تیغ بدستان، یعنی این ختنه شدگان تناسلی ـ تفکری تازیان مسلمان علیه آریائیان که می تواند برای آن دسته از ایرانیانی که دارای مغز و معرفت مختار و مساعد ملی ـ میهنی هستند، نقش براز و برانگیزنده ای را علیه این عبودیت کنونی برای عربیت حاکم بر ایران را ایفاء کند. زیرا بنا به تائید و تصدیق یا تطبیق تعقل تاریخی " در زمانی به مدت هفتاد و دو ساعت بدستور هارون خلیفه خناس و خبیث مسلمانان تازی هزارو دویست نفر مرد و زن، کودک و کهن سال از جمله کلیه افراد خاندان وحتی خویشاوندان دور و نزدیک برمکی با وضع فجیع و فژاگنی کشته شدند و بدنبال آن بر حسب رسم رطیل خواران و قمه کشان قریشی، تمام کسانی را که نیز مامور این قتل عام عرب گونه شده بودند پس از انجام ماموریت خلیفه وقت اسلام، به قتل می رسند. و فردای آن شبی که جعفر برمکی کشته شد، هارون عباسه خواهر خویش یعنی همسر جعفر را زنده، زنده در تابوت گذاشت و دستور دفن او را داد تا گویا دستش طبق آئین ابلیسانه و آدمکشانهٔ قرآن اُم القرائی به خون خواهر خلیفه مسلمین آلوده و آغشته نشده باشد.
ولی دو فرزند خردسال عباسه و جعفر را در تنور آتش انداخت، همچنان سر بریدهٔ جعفر را به امر هارون بر بالای پُل وسطای دجله آویختند و بدنش را به سبک قمه کشان قریشی از بالا به پایین دو پاره کردند و هر پاره از آن را به یکی از از دو پُل علیاء و سفلای دجله به دار آویختند. قطعات قطاع شدهٔ جعفر به مدت دو سال برای عبرت عجم در آنجا به حالت آویزان باقی ماند" (3)
نقل و قول: زمخشری در ربیع الابرار، صفحه 147
6 ـ مورخ و محقق معروف و مشهور ایران ابن اسفندیار در کتاب "تاریخ طبری" در بارهٔ شُهره شرارت و شقاوت شمشیر زن اسلام، یزیدبن مهلب نوشته است: وقتی که یزیدبن مهلب از پایداری و پایمردی مردم گرگان به خدشه و خشم آمد، سوگند به آلله تازیان یاد کرد که چون در آن شهر بگشاید، آسیاب بخون مردم گرگان بگرداند و از آن آسیاب مقداری گندم که کفاف یک وعده تناول در حد تحجر و تنفر او باشد. لذا چون گرگان را به اسارت بگرفت، فرمان داد تا آنقدر از مردم آنجا بکشند تا خون در جویی جاری شود. امّا هرچه از خون گشته شدگان در جویی می ریختند، بخاطر خاصیت لخته و دلمه شدن خون، آسیاب به حرکت در نمی آمد. در نهایت با مشورت اصحاب و انصار این جلاد تازی، اندکی آب در جویی ریختند تا خون لخته نشود و بتواند با جریانش آسیاب را به حرکت در آورد تا گندم آرد شود و نان پخته گردد.
وقتی که نان پخته از خون مردم را ارتزاق و ارتشاف می کرد دستور داد تا زنان و دختران مردم را نیز در حضور مبارک مسلمانی اش بین قمه کشان و قصاص گران عسگری ـ عربی برای تجاوز و تداخل جنسی تقسیم کنند. عمق فاجعهٔ و فژاگن فرهنگی اینجاست که بعدها قبر همین قمه کش قریشی پس از گشته شدنش بسان امام زادگان سبزه کفن یا سبر قبا ها ی قسی ـ قریشی، برای تقرُب و تقدیس یا رسیدن به قضای حاجات به زیارتگاه ایرانیان بدل می شود.
7 ـ در واپسین واگویه فرجام شناسانه، البته با مدد و متد اسکاتا لوجیک منطقی یعنی به پشتوانهٔ پیشنه تاریخی و به پرتو پیمایش در پراتیک و تجربه، می توان اینچینین ادعا و استدلال کرد، تازمانیکه پوران و پورمندان،پهلوانان و پارتیزانان، فرهیختگان و فرزانگان ایرانی ـ آریائی، پارسایانه پوشنه و پوشش این پاشیدگی و پوسیدگی، پراگندگی و پریشان حالی فرهنگ تخدیر و تحقیر، گدائی و گمراهی، کرخت و گژهی، کلب و گور پرستی، گوسفندی و گردن خم کنی،نزر و نیاز، نماز و نوکری به دُژگاه یا دفن گاه های کعبه و کربلا، نهاوند و نجف را به همراه طواف طوطی وار طوایف طُلاب، عمامه و عراب را با رجعت به رنسانس و رستاخیزی رهاننده یعنی با بازگشت یا فراشکردی فرازمندانه به فرهنگ دیرینهٔ آریائی ـ آهورائی، این عاملان اصلی رذالت و رخوت ملی ـ میهنی را به کرانه و کناره زباله زمان، پرتاب نکنند یا بقول ولتر: مذهب خود را به بسان پول رایج کشورشان تحویل نگیرند تا ابدالدهر در چنبره وابستگی و واماندگی، اسارت و ایستائی با اتیکت عفریت عبودیت در زیر سلطهٔ سفاکانه و تسلط تهبکارنهٔ این ختنه شدگان خبیث تناسل و تفکر، تازی الاتبار باقی خواهند ماند.
نقل و قول ها:
1 ـ سقیته الحار و مدینه الاحکام و آثار. تالیف حاج شیخ عباس فمی در کتاب شیعه گری، نوشته مسعود انصاری صفحه 54
2 ـ تاریخ طبری جلد پنجم، صفحه 2116 ، فتوح البلدان صفحه 183 ، مختصرالبلدان صفحه 152
3 ـ زمخشری در ربیع الابرار صفحه 147

 

Europe

»
Greece in Suspended Animation Image

12 views

Greece in Suspended Animation

Greece in Suspended Animation

Greece in Suspended Animation
Leo Panitch, Professor of Political Science at York University says the movements that propelled SYRIZA into power is immobilized by the Greek deadline dance. - May 29, 2015

Bio
Leo Panitch is the Canada Research Chair in Comparative Political Economy and a distinguished research professor of political science at York University in Toronto. He is the author of many books, the most recent of which include UK Deutscher Memorial Prize winner The Making of Global Capitalism: The Political Economy of American Empire and In and Out of Crisis: The Global Financial Meltdown and Left Alternatives. He is also a co-editor of the Socialist Register, whose 2013 volume is entitled The Question of Strategy.

Illegal migrants in Kos given shelter in abandoned hotel Image

14 views

Illegal migrants in Kos given shelter in abandoned hotel

Illegal migrants in Kos given shelter in abandoned hotel

Published on May 27, 2015

Chaos on Kos: 300 asylum seekers arrive a DAY... and now migrants are blaming 'incompetent' Greek officials for holidaymakers' misery

The Reoccurring Financial Woes of Greece Image

24 views

The Reoccurring Financial Woes of Greece

The Reoccurring Financial Woes of Greece

The Reoccurring Financial Woes of Greece
Michael Hudson says a leading economist in the IMF European Division resigned in anger and had written a number of reports that denounced the IMF as captured by private bond holders and speculators when former chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn was its head -   May 28, 2015

Bio
Michael Hudson is a Distinguished Research Professor of Economics at the University of Missouri, Kansas City. His two newest books are The Bubble and Beyond and Finance Capitalism and its Discontents. His upcoming book is titled Killing the Host: How Financial Parasites and Debt Bondage Destroy the Global Economy.
Transcript
The Reoccurring Financial Woes of GreeceSHARMINI PERIES, EXEC. PRODUCER, TRNN: Welcome to the Michael Hudson Report on The Real News Network. I'm Sharmini Peries coming to you from Baltimore.
The Euro is slipping against the dollar, and the European financial markets are in flux, expecting Greece to fail on its 1.6 billion Euro repayment due to the International Monetary Fund on the 5th of June. Joining me now to discuss Greece and the financial [wars] it's posing to the European markets is Michael Hudson. Michael is joining us from New York, and as you know he's a distinguished research professor of economics at the University of Missouri, Kansas City. His two newest books are The Bubble and Beyond, and Finance Capitalism and its Discontent. His upcoming book is titled Killing the Host: How Financial Parasites and Debt Bondage Destroyed the Global Economy.
Michael, as always, thank you for joining us today.
MICHAEL HUDSON, PROF. OF ECONOMICS, UNIV. OF MISSOURI-KC: Good to be here.
PERIES: So Michael, what is the response of the European financial markets to Greece?
HUDSON: The financial markets have the same response that they had over five years ago. All of the problems today came up in 2010 when it was obvious that even at that time Greece could not pay the debts. And International Monetary Fund had its economists make a series of projections to say, wait a minute. What happened a few years earlier was that a Wall Street bank, the famous Goldman Sachs, helped the Greek Central Bank conceal the amount of debt that it had. When Pasok, the socialist party came to power, Papandreou revealed how much money Greece actually owed to its bond holders. And the IMF said wait a minute, the bond holders have lent much too much money for Greece. We've got to write down its debts to the ability to pay. There's no way that Greece can pay the debts without imposing an economic collapse and making it even harder to pay the debts.
So there was a big meeting, series of meetings. One in 2010, and then a Group of Eight meeting in 2012. Basically, the European Central Bank and the European Union said wait a minute, IMF. We're, there's nothing in the laws that we've written up in Europe to write down debts owed to the Central Bank. If you, the IMF, want to be a part of all of this debt restructuring, we want to pay off all of the private bond holders so that they don't lose any money. We want to let all the speculators gain because that's our constituency. And so the IMF economists all pressured the head of the IMF at that time, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, and said, you've got to write down Greece's debt.
Well, the problem is that Strauss-Kahn wanted the IMF to be a player in the European Central Bank and the European Union, the financial interests. And he wanted to run for the presidency of France. And most of Greece's debts were owed to French banks. And so Strauss-Kahn had to essentially operate in the interest of France, and basically he agreed to have the Central Bank and the IMF lend Greece enough money to pay the bond holders.
Well, it turned out that the IMF economists were quite right, and Greece couldn't pay. The result is that the leading economists in the IMF's European division resigned in anger. They've written a series of reports. They talked to reporters and said look, the IMF is thoroughly corrupt. It's captured by the bond holders. Its ability to pay and its models are absolute junk economics. And that left basically the only people remaining in the IMF were the bank lobbyists who wanted to sort of suddenly look at the Greek crisis and the other European debt crises as finally a chance to get the IMF back as a world player. So basically they made a huge refinancing of Greek debt in 2012. Instead of Greeks owing money in their own currency, they would owe it in a currency they couldn't create, the Euro, and they'd owe this money not to private bond holders where it's easy to write down debts because private bond holders are willing to renegotiate as already we saw them do in Argentina. But you can't renegotiate with the European Central Bank.
So now we can fast-forward to earlier this year when Syriza came to power in Greece. The European Central Bank said, we central banks may be independent from government, but we're not independent from the financial interests. We're not independent from Wall Street. As a matter of fact Tim Geithner and Obama, in 2012, went to the G8 meeting and said Europe, you have to bail out the Greek private bond holders, because the American banks have made huge guarantees on credit default swaps, and we'll go broke if we have to pay and made the wrong bet. So you have to save Wall Street and screw Greece, and so naturally, Greece got screwed.
Well, immediately the IMF people spilled the beans, went and said that this is the case. And Greece has been left in debt. So when the elections happened this January and February, the Central Bank came right out and said to the Greek people, don't vote for Syriza. If you vote for a party that is opposing writing down the pensions, if you [write] for a party that's supporting the working class, if you vote for a socialist party that wants to stop the sell-offs, then we're going to essentially treat you with sanctions very much like what America treated Cuba or America treated Iraq.
So what we've seen erupting in Europe in the last three months is the old class war. But it's not really the old class war. It's the war of finance against not only the Greek pensioners, not only the Greek economy, but Greek industry, Greek exporters, Greek banks. There's a whole war to treat Greece as an object lesson, because the financial interests of Europe say, wait a minute. If the Syriza party is able to write down the debts to save the economy from depression, then Podemos in Spain and the Portuguese popular parties are all going to write down the debts. We've got to make an object lesson of Greece. We've got to absolutely crush socialism in the cradle so that it won't grow into a European-wide movement to avoid depression.
And so when Syriza came to power the belief by the negotiators, by Yanis Varoufakis and his colleagues, was that well, we can be reasonable with Europe. We can say, look, there's no money to pay. We can't cut back pensions because they've already been cut back, and we'd be voted out of power just like the old party. We can't, we're not willing to privatize the Greek economy and sell it off to foreigners just because you bad bond holders made a bad bet and the European government has made a bad bet.
But the European Central Bank is saying you have to cut your wages even lower. You have to make even more unemployment--30 percent unemployment isn't enough, 50 percent unemployment in new graduates isn't enough. You only have ten percent of your population emigrating. You have to have more of your population emigrate.
And naturally, Varoufakis and the Syriza party says, this is crazy. This is junk economics. We're not going to commit suicide, and no national government has to commit financial and economic suicide simply to pay bond holders. That's what it means to be a sovereign government. But then the Europeans say, ah, but you're not a sovereign government. Because a sovereign government, according to all the textbooks, has the right to print its own money. But you don't have the right to print your own money. Only we, the Central Bank, have the right to print money, and we're not going to do it. We're not going to print the money to help your economy because we don't like your political party. You didn't vote for the right party. That's what Angela Merkel told them five years ago, that's what other European representatives of the financial interests have told them. So essentially the Greeks are told either you vote in a right-wing party or we're going to make you wish that you did.
That is the politics, now. And everyone's trying to figure out, what on earth can the Greeks do? Either there's total surrender, which is being demanded by the European Central Bank of Syriza, or Greece says it won't pay. And if it doesn't pay then it really doesn't have a problem anymore. But the arguments that are being used are exactly the same arguments that were used almost 100 years ago in the German reparations debate. You have to, the Greek government has to pay the bond holders, meaning the European Central Bank and the IMF, essentially by increasing your taxes. But if you increase the taxes then you shrink the market. There will be even more unemployment and even more emigration. And the Greeks and any economist who's studied economic history knows that this is suicide.
So we're in a condition where the European Central Banks are basically making a demand that no country could meet. They are trying to force a crisis, and nobody can see any way out of it.
PERIES: Now Michael, it appears that if rumor is correct, the murmurs coming out of Europe is that there will be no resolve by Thursday, which was a deadline to come to some agreement, as June 5th is the deadline for the first repayment to the IMF.
Now, if Greece doesn't come to an agreement in terms of its repayment it will obviously be in default. What options does Greece have?
HUDSON: Well, this is not just a rumor. Varoufakis has written in the last few days that there is no way that Greece is going to stop paying pensions, and there is no way that Greece is going to privatize the economy. In other words, he said, we're willing to make all sorts of compromises. The usual, it's called extend and pretend, you lend us the money and we'll pay you. You pretend to lend us the money, that it's a good debt, we'll pretend to pay. But there's no way that they're going to commit suicide. And the Central Bank's saying yes, you have to commit suicide or else have the anarchy of withdrawing from the Euro. What are you going to do?
And so they're trying to figure out, well, wait a minute. We're not going to be able to pay, so what is the point of trying to pay a debt that can't be paid? If there's no money there we can't pay, so there's no way that we can meet their conditions. There's obviously going to be a [break]. So Greece is going to use its money to continue to pay pensions. It's not going to privatize more of the public domain, it's not going to sell off its mineral holdings and its gas rights in the Aegean. There's a complete blockage.
And apparently President Obama, which originally had told Europe, wait a minute, you've got to stop Greece from withdrawing because otherwise it'll have to make a deal with [inaud.] for gas or with Russia. It's going to be absolute anarchy. And that's the intended result by Europe. I know the Greek negotiators. I've spoken to them. I could not do anywhere near as good a job as they're doing. I'm in full agreement with everything they're doing. They're being reasonable. But they're up against a wall of, the intention is to have economic warfare and to force Greece to continue the privatization program and to continue the war against labor.
And there's no way of knowing what's going to come out. Some kind of script currency, some kind of artificial currency maybe used as an interim. But that's only an interim transition [break].
PERIES: Michael, why is it beneficial for the European banks and European financial might to allow Greece to default in this way? After all, this might also be another example for the other countries, you mentioned, to default as well, and leave the Euro and establish their own currencies. And at the end of the day, beneficial for them to do that.
HUDSON: Well, you're right in pointing out that the issue really isn't Greece itself. Greece's debt is only about 2 percent of the overall European debt. So in itself, it's not in the interest to create a break. And if economic rationality were all that there was, of course the Central Bank and IMF would write down the debt. The IMF says, we're not going to lend Greece any money, we're going to stop the pretense, unless the European Central Bank writes down the debt. And the European Central Bank says we're not going to.
But the point is precisely what you just raised. Italy, Podemos, Portugal, and other countries. They want to make an example, saying if any of you countries have the idea that you're going to put your own workers, your own economy first before the creditors, then we're going to treat you like we're treating Greece. We're going to make Greece an object lesson, just as America made Iraq and then Iran an object lesson and made Cuba an object lesson. They think that somehow they can demonstrate that Greece is going to suffer. But Greece has pretty smart leaders, and the object lesson may backfire.
But that's what class war is. The oppressed group always is in a weaker position, but very often it's able to recover. And that's what's at issue right now, who's going to win. The left wing, or the right wing.
PERIES: Michael Hudson, we'll be watching this as I am sure you will be, too. And I hope you come back and give us an update really soon.
HUDSON: Thank you. Very good to be here.
PERIES: And thank you for joining us on The Real News Network.
End

Middle east

»
Two Baghdad Luxury Hotels Rocked by Car Bombs Image

13 views

Two Baghdad Luxury Hotels Rocked by Car Bombs

Two Baghdad Luxury Hotels Rocked by Car Bombs

Published on May 28, 2015
Authorities in Iraq say two separate car bombs inside parking lot of two hotels have killed 10 people in the capital Baghdad. Police officials say a car bomb exploded in the parking lot of Babil Hotel late Thursday, killing six people and wounding 14 others. About one minute later, a second car bomb blast inside the parking lot of Cristal Hotel, formerly Sheraton, killed four people and wounded 13 others. Medical officials confirmed the causality figures from both attacks. All officials spoke on condition of anonymity

Yemen: Al-Hudaydah pounded by Saudi-led airstrikes Image

18 views

Yemen: Al-Hudaydah pounded by Saudi-led airstrikes

Yemen: Al-Hudaydah pounded by Saudi-led airstrikes

Published on May 28, 2015
Al-Hudaydah was bombed by the Saudi Arabian aircrafts, as the Saudi-led coalition continued their bombing campaign against Houthi militants and those loyal to Ali Abdullah Saleh, Thursday.

ISIS Gains Strategic Ground in Iraq and Syria Image

14 views

ISIS Gains Strategic Ground in Iraq and Syria

ISIS Gains Strategic Ground in Iraq and Syria

Reese Erlich, author of Inside Syria, says that ISIS showcased its tactical and military savviness in Ramadi. The problem for the US is that it still has no reliable allies that can fight on the ground. -   May 28, 2015

Bio
Joining us from Oakland, California is Reese Erlich. Reese is an award-winning foreign correspondent and author of the book "Inside Syria: The Backstory of Their Civil War and What the World Can Expect" Reese Erlich is a best-selling book author and freelance journalist who writes regularly for the GlobalPost, VICE News, The Progressive and National Public Radio. He has won numerous journalism awards, including the prestigious Peabody. He is the author of five books, including Dateline Havana: The Real Story of U.S. Policy and the Future of Cuba, Conversations with Terrorists: Middle East Leaders on Politics, Violence, and Empire, and most recently Inside Syria: The Backstory of Their Civil War and What the World Can Expect, foreword by Noam Chomsky, distributed by Random House. The Official Website of Reese Erlich Facebook: Reese Erlich Foreign Correspondent Twitter: @ReeseErlich

United state

»
Washington under pressure over ISIL strategy Image

18 views

Washington under pressure over ISIL strategy

Washington under pressure over ISIL strategy

Published on May 25, 2015
Washington is coming under increasing criticism over its strategy towards the self-proclaimed Islamic State.
A senior Iranian military official has said the US and other powers are failing to confront the jihadists, and that only Iran was present in the fight.

TRNN Debate: Are GMOs Safe? Image

15 views

TRNN Debate: Are GMOs Safe?

TRNN Debate: Are GMOs Safe?

Dr. Thierry Vrain and Dr. Alison Van Eenennaam discuss the science behind genetically engineered crops and the significance of GMO restrictions in more than 60 countries - May 21, 2015

Obama Takes Small Step Towards Demilitarizing Police Image

18 views

Obama Takes Small Step Towards Demilitarizing Police

Obama Takes Small Step Towards Demilitarizing Police
Glen Ford of The Black Agenda Report says the reality of policing in the United States is inseparable from the maintenance of mass black incarceration regime, the Black Panther party correctly identified the police mission in 1966 to be an army of occupation in the black community. -   May 19, 2015

Subscribe to Nikpress

  • India Test Fires Harpoon Missile From Fighter Jet for First Time
    By Sputnik The Harpoon missile built by Boeing was launched by the Indian Air Force from a fighter plane at a pre-designated target.The Indian Air Force test fired a Harpoon missile from a fighter plane for the first time in the Arabian Sea last week.The missile, built by Boeing was launched on May 22 from a Jaguar maritime strike fighter that flew 200 nautical miles off the west coast to carry out the mission.An official source confirmed it was the “first live firing” of the Harpoon from a warplane in India after integration by state-owned Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. “It was successful,” the source added, media reports.With a range of 124 km, the Harpoon is proficient for land-strike missions too. India has bought a package of 24 Harpoon Block II missiles for its navy and another 22 for the Indian Air Force.The US is currently the biggest supplier of weapons to the Indian military, with deals worth over $10 billion during the last six years.
  • EU Military Plan for Migrant Crisis - 'Return to Colonial Mentality'‏
    By Sputnik Libyan Prime Minister of the Tripoli government has issued a warning to the EU that the North African state is ready to repel any military action in the region.In an interview to the Independent, Prime Minister Khalifa al-Ghweil described the European Union's plan for military action in Libyan waters to combat migration across the Mediterranean, as a return to the "colonial mentality", and "completely unacceptable in the modern world.""They can't come to control us, we can't return to the era of 1911, foreigners deciding things. We have the ability to defend our sea and our land, as we had shown in our history and also during our revolution". In an embarrassing blow to the EU's military reputation, its naval intervention plans have been leaked. Classified documents reveal plans to "disrupt the people smugglers' business model" by sinking boats to prevent them from reaching Europe. WikiLeaks Reveals EU Plans to Attack Refugee Boats The European Union is planning to launch its naval operation from its headquarters in Rome, under an Italian admiral, with the Britain taking a lead role in any military action. According to Matteo Renzi, Italian prime minister, the military action will be an "attack on death rackets, attacks against slave traders (traffickers)."Smugglers' boats will be confronted, their vessels boarded to remove the migrants and the crew arrested. The boats destroyed, before reaching European shores.The leaked classified documents also reveal an acknowledgment that the EU military might face threats from terrorist groups such as Islamic State."The threat to the force should be acknowledged, especially during activities such as boarding and when operating on land or in proximity to an unsecured coastline or during interaction with non-seaworthy vessels. The potential presence of hostile forces, extremists, or terrorists such as Da'esh [ISIL] should also be taken into consideration."It's claimed that since the fall of Gaddafi in 2011, following a bombing campaign led by Britain and France, many of the weapons used by western forces to oust the regime, are now in the hands of rival militias, including Islamic State. ibya is, according to the UN Head of the Support Mission in Libya, Bernardino Leon, "on the verge of economic and financial collapse", and "facing a huge security threat because of civil war." The UN special envoy believes that the more important threat to Libya comes from ISIL, also known as Da'esh."Da'esh is trying to build strong bases in Libya. Libya also is facing an increasing political division with these competing institutions in the east and in the west".Bernardino Leon, who has been trying for months to broker an agreement on a national unity government for Libya, in response to the planned military operation in the Mediterranean, said: "We should try to have the cooperation of the Libyans." Young and Radicalized: Online Rife With Islamists as Govts Not Doing Enough With a ramped up military operation instead of an agreed humanitarian one, European Union leaders have been accused of putting borders before people. Many EU member states have rejected a quota system for resettling rescued refugees and the proposed military action has come under fire from human rights groups.Meanwhile, Prime Minister of the Tripoli government Khalifa al-Ghweil says he has not been consulted by the European Union over the proposed mission and warns that Libya is ready to launch a counter-attack against any EU military action in the North African state.
  • British tourists complain that impoverished boat migrants are making holidays 'awkward' in Kos
    The Greek island has seen an influx of migrants coming from Turkey By Lizzie Dearden "The Independent | News | UK" British tourists have complained about desperate migrants pouring into the Greek island of Kos making their holidays “awkward”.More than 1,500 men, women and children have landed in the last week as the influx of people fleeing conflict and poverty continues.Homeless and carrying the only remnants of their former lives in bags, they have been left to seek shelter in an abandoned hotel or on seaside arcades as authorities struggle to cope. The migrant crisis has coincided with the half term break for British schools, seeing hundreds of families arriving for some early summer sun this week.Anne Servante, a nurse from Manchester, told the Daily Mail that Kos had become “disgusting”. “It’s really dirty and messy here now,” she added. “And it’s awkward. I’m not going to sit in a restaurant with people watching you.”Another British couple on holiday with their grandchildren told the newspaper that they “don’t like it”, adding: “We won’t be coming back if it’s like a refugee camp again next year.” Tourists pass by a Syrian refugee sleeping on a bench at the coast of Kos islandThe comments sparked outrage on Twitter, where people said they were "speechless" that comparatively wealthy holidaymakers could seemingly feel so little empathy for people risking their lives to flee warzones."My heart bleeds," one person sarcastically tweeted, while another added: "It's not the migrants who make Kos a disgusting hellhole, it's the British tourists who do."Photographs show tourists cycling past families of migrants waiting for travel permits, while topless holidaymakers stroll by a homeless man sleeping on a bench.Migrants sit on cardboard boxes while people walk past with bags full of shopping and women wash their children’s clothes in the sea as locals watch from the promenade. Afghan immigrants land at a beach in Kos after landing in a dinghy on 27 MayKos and its neighbouring islands in the Aegean Sea mainly see arrivals from nearby Turkey but boats landing in other parts of Greece and Italy often come from Libya and North Africa.About 30,000 migrants have entered Greece so far this year and the country is calling for more help from the EU.The Red Cross declared an emergency last week after more than five times as many migrants arrived in Greece by sea in the first four months of 2015 than during the same period the year before.  
  • Civilized West and Libyan Nightmare
    By Dmitry MININ | 29.05.2015 | 00:00 "Strategic Culture Foundation" In 2011 the West intervened into Libya going beyond the resolution N1973 of the United Nations Security Council. A nightmare followed. Now it looks like Europe has decided to tackle the burning problem. On May 18, EU ministers agreed to launch a sea and air mission that could in its later phases destroy vessels used by human traffickers. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg supported the decision. He said there had been no formal request for NATO involvement but that the alliance stood ready to play a role if asked. According to Federica Mogherini, the EU has envisaged an operation that would start as a monitoring and intelligence-gathering one but could eventually deploy force at sea — and potentially on the Libyan coast—to capture and destroy smugglers’ vessels, embarkation points and fuel dumps. There would be three phases in the naval operation, including intelligence gathering on smugglers, inspection and detection of smugglers' boats and destruction of those boats, the European Union’s foreign policy chief explained,. «It is not so much the destruction of the boats but the destruction of the business models of the smugglers networks themselves,» she said.51 thousand migrants, mainly from Libya, have crossed the Mediterranean to Europe in 2015. According to the data of the United Nations, more than 1,800 migrants have died in the Mediterranean this year only. That is a 20-fold increase on the same period in 2014. The European Union plans to stop smugglers preventing them from getting far from the Libya’s coast. In other words, Europe is not going to fight the evil it gave birth to, nor is it going to offer significant aid to suffering people. It wants to build a fence keeping immigrants away and thus do away with the problem. There is a possibility that this time the European Union will go around the United Nations Security Council. Formally no naval operation can take place in the territorial waters of Libya or any other state without the resolution of United Nations Security Council. Neither of Libya's rival governments, recognized or not, have yet shown any desire to co-operate with this plan. Both have so far criticized it. The Libya's internationally recognized government in Tobruk — which is fighting both a rival administration in Tripoli and the rising threat of Islamic State militants — opposes the naval plan and said Brussels must talk with it first. «The military option to deal with the boats inside Libyan waters or outside is not considered humane,» government spokesman Hatem el-Ouraybi said.Libyans leave their country, which was prosperous once, in despair. The problems they face were engendered by nobody else but Europe which wants to isolate them now as if they were infected with leprosy. Refugees use small fishing boats. If destroyed, Libyan fishermen will suffer damage to exacerbate the problem of hunger in the country. Deutsche Welle believes the planned intervention will not help. The people left in Libya will eke out a miserable existence. There are indeed a lot of questions to be answered. Who will decide what a smuggler's boat is, and what isn't? Will the heads of smuggling syndicates be captured, or just their henchmen? And how will legal criminal prosecution be organized? Isn't there a danger that innocent civilians will die if EU troops intervene, especially on land in Libya? How will the EU protect itself against counterattacks? As time goes by, smugglers will find new ways to conduct their illegal activities.The most important question of all is - can the use of arms really solve the refugee problem? The answer is clear: no. People who can no longer flee over the Mediterranean will end up stranded in Libya, under miserable conditions. After a while, migrants and smugglers will find new routes. By the way, Libya slid into its current state in part because of NATO's good intentions to help out during its civil war. A new EU military operation will do nothing to stabilize the situation. With the effects of such an operation on refugees, and on Libya, so impossible to calculate, the EU should keep its hands off.The events unfolding inside Libya are dramatic enough. The country is partitioned into a few quasi-states.Libya’s south-western desert region of Fezzan, mainly populated by nomads declared itself on an autonomous federal province in September 2013. The Western Mountains region that lies to the north of Mezzan has its own strong armed formations. Misrata (also spelled Misurata or Misratah) is the third largest city in northwestern Libya situated to the east of Tripoli on the Mediterranean coast near Cape Misrata. Isolated from the rest of the country the city is thriving. The territory is surrounded by check points. Outsiders are let in only upon the request of Misrata residents. Oil guards (with headquarters in Ajdabiya) protect oil facilities in Sirte.Benghazi has declared itself an autonomous region. It is ruled by transitional National Council of Cyrenaica. According to French expert Fabrice Balanche, Libya follows the way of «somalization». A failed state is getting apart as a result of fighting between rival armed groups. Like in Somalia they have heavy weapons. The country is facing political schism, the regular military is weak, the separatist sentiments are strong in the regions, the legal government is impotent, there are no security guarantees and the influence of radical Islam is growing. The country is torn by ethnic and tribal conflicts. The fight for control of hydrocarbons is raging between different groups. The weapons from military storage facilities or received from NATO countries have spread around Libya. Armed militants rule the country. The Libyan Prime Minister, Ali Zeidan, has been kidnapped. Released in a few hours he told that the people who took away his money, clothes, cell phone and important documents were members of parliament. Libyans ask each other «How can the Prime Minister protect the country if he can’t protect himself?» If the chairman of National Congress and ministers say they don’t rule the country, then who does? The Islamic State takes advantage of the situation to make more gains. François Fillon, who was French Prime Minister at the time the intervention took place in 2011, admits that France took part in the operation in Libya that destroyed the country and spread around the infection across the whole Sahel. 4 Libya’s Islamist militants are now fighting for control of the entire country, and they are making headway. In April 2014, they captured a secret military base near Tripoli that, ironically, U.S. special operations forces had established in the summer of 2012 to train Libyan counterterrorist forces. The Islamic State militant formations have entered the Sirte Basin Province of Libya. The situation makes remember the event in Iraq. The Islamic State became much stronger there after many former officers of Saddam Hussein’s army joined its ranks. If former Gaddafi officers followed their example, Libya could become the first country to fully fall under the Islamic State’s control and become part of the new caliphate the Islamic militants want to found. The fight of European countries against Libyan refugees will expedite the process making it spill over the boundaries of the Middle East. Libya is turning into a new strategic stronghold of the Islamic State to be used for further expansion in North Africa or attacking Europe across the Mediterranean. Obama was proud to say that after the Gaddafi’s overthrow the mission was accomplished without boots on the ground, «Without a single US service member on the ground we achieved our objectives,» he said. Ivo Daalder, former U.S. Permanent Representative on the Council of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and James Stavridis, a retired United States Admiral who served as the Commander, US European Command and NATO’s Supreme Allied Commander Europe, wrote in their piece published by Foreign Policy in the March/April 2012 issue that the «NATO's operation in Libya has rightly been hailed as a model intervention». There are other opinions. Alan J. Kuperman of Texas University says «…in retrospect, Obama’s intervention in Libya was an abject failure, judged even by its own standards. Libya has not only failed to evolve into a democracy; it has devolved into a failed state. Violent deaths and other human rights abuses have increased severalfold».The situation has gone too far. The officials of international organizations believe that an intervention by the West to support he legitimate government would take place too late. Andrew Engel-Bernardino León, U.N. special envoy for Libya, thinks Libya is too close to total chaos and the arms deliveries won’t turn the tide. According to him, «Weapons delivered to a central government lacking official armed forces could be diverted to the various armed groups that have, since 2011, undermined the emergence of a strong unity government in the first place. An influx of weapons to Libya could also exacerbate terrorism-related security challenges facing Libya’s neighbor».Summing it all up, these are the results of the West’s mission to make Libya a civilized state.
  • Washington’s “Two Track Policy” to Latin America: Marines to Central America and Diplomats to Cuba
    By Prof. James Petras "Global Research, May 28, 2015" Everyone, from political pundits in Washington to the Pope in Rome, including most journalists in the mass media and in the alternative press, have focused on the US moves toward ending the economic blockade of Cuba and gradually opening diplomatic relations. Talk is rife of a ‘major shift’ in US policy toward Latin America with the emphasis on diplomacyand reconciliation. Even most progressive writers and journals have ceased writing about US imperialism.However, there is mounting evidence that Washington’s negotiations with Cuba are merely one part of a two-track policy. There is clearly a major US build-up in Latin America, with increasing reliance on ‘military platforms’, designed to launch direct military interventions in strategic countries.Moreover, US policymakers are actively involved in promoting ‘client’ opposition parties, movements and personalities to destabilize independent governments and are intent on re-imposing US domination.In this essay we will start our discussion with the origins and unfolding of this ‘two track’ policy, its current manifestations, and projections into the future. We will conclude by evaluating the possibilities of re-establishing US imperial domination in the region.Origins of the Two Track PolicyWashington’s pursuit of a ‘two-track policy’, based on combining ‘reformist policies’ toward some political formations, while working to overthrow other regimes and movements by force and military intervention, was practiced by the early Kennedy Administration following the Cuban revolution. Kennedy announced a vast new economic program of aid, loans and investments – dubbed the ‘Alliance for Progress’ – to promote development and social reform in Latin American countries willing to align with the US. At the same time the Kennedy regime escalated US military aid and joint exercises in the region. Kennedy sponsored a large contingent of Special Forces – ‘Green Berets’ – to engage in counter-insurgency warfare. The ‘Alliance for Progress’ was designed to counter the mass appeal of the social-revolutionary changes underway in Cuba with its own program of ‘social reform’. While Kennedy promoted watered-down reforms in Latin America, he launched the ‘secret’ CIA (‘Bay of Pigs’) invasion of Cuba in 1961and naval blockade in 1962 (the so-called ‘missile crises’). The two-track policy ended up sacrificing social reforms and strengthening military repression. By the mid-1970’s the ‘two-tracks’ became one – force. The US invaded the Dominican Republic in 1965. It backed a series of military coups throughout the region, effectively isolating Cuba. As a result, Latin America’s labor force experienced nearly a quarter century of declining living standards.By the 1980’s US client-dictators had lost their usefulness and Washington once again took up a dual strategy: On one track, the White House wholeheartedly backed their military-client rulers’ neo-liberal agenda and sponsored them as junior partners in Washington’s regional hegemony. On the other track, they promoted a shift to highly controlled electoral politics, which they described as a ‘democratic transition’, in order to ‘decompress’ mass social pressures against its military clients. Washington secured the introduction of elections and promoted client politicians willing to continue the neo-liberal socio-economic framework established by the military regimes.By the turn of the new century, the cumulative grievances of thirty years of repressive rule, regressive neo-liberal socio-economic policies and the denationalization and privatization of the national patrimony had caused an explosion of mass social discontent. This led to the overthrow and electoral defeat of Washington’s neo-liberal client regimes.Throughout most of Latin America, mass movements were demanding a break with US-centered ‘integration’ programs. Overt anti-imperialism grew and intensified. The period saw the emergence of numerous center-left governments in Venezuela, Argentina, Ecuador, Bolivia, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Honduras and Nicaragua. Beyond the regime changes , world economic forces had altered: growing Asian markets, their demand for Latin American raw materials and the global rise of commodity prices helped to stimulate the development of Latin American-centered regional organizations – outside of Washington’s control.Washington was still embedded in its 25 year ‘single-track’ policy of backing civil-military authoritarian and imposing neo-liberal policies and was unable to respond and present a reform alternative to the anti-imperialist, center-left challenge to its dominance. Instead, Washington worked to reverse the new party- power configuration. Its overseas agencies, the Agency for International Development (AID), the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) and embassies worked to destabilize the new governments in Bolivia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Paraguay and Honduras. The US ‘single-track’ of intervention and destabilization failed throughout the first decade of the new century (with the exception of Honduras and Paraguay.In the end Washington remained politically isolated. Its integration schemes were rejected. Its market shares in Latin America declined. Washington not only lost its automatic majority in the Organization of American States (OAS), but it became a distinct minority.Washington’s ‘single track’ policy of relying on the ‘stick’ and holding back on the ‘carrot’ was based on several considerations: The Bush and Obama regimes were deeply influenced by the US’s twenty-five year domination of the region (1975-2000) and the notion that the uprisings and political changes in Latin America in the subsequent decade were ephemeral, vulnerable and easily reversed. Moreover, Washington, accustomed to over a century of economic domination of markets, resources and labor, took for granted that its hegemony was unalterable. The White House failed to recognize the power of China’s growing share of the Latin American market. The State Department ignored the capacity of Latin American governments to integrate their markets and exclude the US.US State Department officials never moved beyond the discredited neo-liberal doctrine that they had successfully promoted in the 1990’s. The White House failed to adopt a ‘reformist’ turn to counter the appeal of radical reformers like Hugo Chavez, the Venezuelan President. This was most evident in the Caribbean and the Andean countries where President Chavez launched his two ‘alliances for progress’: ‘Petro-Caribe’ (Venezuela’s program of supplying cheap, heavily subsidized, fuel to poor Central American and Caribbean countries and heating oil to poor neighborhoods in the US) and ‘ALBA’ (Chavez’ political-economic union of Andean states, plus Cuba and Nicaragua, designed to promote regional political solidarity and economic ties.) Both programs were heavily financed by Caracas. Washington failed to come up with a successful alternative plan.Unable to win diplomatically or in the ‘battle of ideas’, Washington resorted to the ‘big stick’ and sought to disrupt Venezuela’s regional economic program rather than compete with Chavez’ generous and beneficial aid packages. The US’ ‘spoiler tactics’ backfired: In 2009, the Obama regime backed a military coup in Honduras, ousting the elected liberal reformist President Zelaya and installed a bloody tyrant, a throwback to the 1970s when the US backed Chilean coup brought General Pinochet to power. Secretary of State Hilary Clinton, in an act of pure political buffoonery, refused to call Zelaya’s violent ouster a coup and moved swiftly to recognize the dictatorship. No other government backed the US in its Honduras policy. There was universal condemnation of the coup, highlighting Washington’s isolation.Repeatedly, Washington tried to use its ‘hegemonic card’ but it was roundly outvoted at regional meetings. At the Summit of the Americas in 2010, Latin American countries overrode US objections and voted to invite Cuba to its next meeting, defying a 50-year old US veto. The US was left alone in its opposition.The position of Washington was further weakened by the decade-long commodity boom (spurred by China’s voracious demand for agro-mineral products). The ‘mega-cycle’ undermined US Treasury and State Department’s anticipation of a price collapse. In previous cycles, commodity ‘busts’ had forced center-left governments to run to the US controlled International Monetary Fund (IMF) for highly conditioned balance of payment loans, which the White House used to impose its neo-liberal policies and political dominance. The ‘mega-cycle’ generated rising revenues and incomes. This gave the center-left governments enormous leverage to avoid the ‘debt traps’ and to marginalize the IMF. This virtually eliminated US-imposed conditionality and allowed Latin governments to pursue populist-nationalist policies. These policies decreased poverty and unemployment. Washington played the ‘crisis card’ and lost. Nevertheless Washington continued working with extreme rightwing opposition groups to destabilize the progressive governments, in the hope that ‘come the crash’, Washington’s proxies would ‘waltz right in’ and take over.The Re-Introduction of the ‘Two Track’ PolicyAfter a decade and a half of hard knocks, repeated failures of its ‘big stick’ policies, rejection of US-centered integration schemes and multiple resounding defeats of its client-politicians at the ballot box, Washington finally began to ‘rethink’ its ‘one track’ policy and tentatively explore a limited ‘two track’ approach.The ‘two-tracks’, however, encompass polarities clearly marked by the recent past. While the Obama regime opened negotiations and moved toward establishing relations with Cuba, it escalated the military threats toward Venezuela by absurdly labeling Caracas as a ‘national security threat to the US.’Washington had woken up to the fact that its bellicose policy toward Cuba had been universally rejected and had left the US isolated from Latin America. The Obama regime decided to claim some ‘reformist credentials’ by showcasing its opening to Cuba. The ‘opening to Cuba’ is really part of a wider policy of a more active political intervention in Latin America. Washington will take full advantage of the increased vulnerability of the center-left governments as the commodity mega-cycle comes to an end and prices collapse. Washington applauds the fiscal austerity program pursued by Dilma Rousseff’s regime in Brazil. It wholeheartedly backs newly elected Tabaré Vázquez’s “Broad Front” regime in Uruguay with its free market policies and structural adjustment. It publicly supports Chilean President Bachelet’s recent appointment of center-right, Christian Democrats to Cabinet posts to accommodate big business.These changes within Latin America provide an ‘opening’ for Washington to pursue a ‘dual track’ policy: On the one hand Washington is increasing political and economic pressure and intensifying its propaganda campaign against ‘state interventionist’ policies and regimes in the immediate period. On the other hand, the Pentagon is intensifying and escalating its presence in Central America and its immediate vicinity. The goal is ultimately to regain leverage over the military command in the rest of the South American continent.The Miami Herald (5/10/15) reported that the Obama Administration had sent 280 US marines to Central America without any specific mission or pretext. Coming so soon after the Summit of the Americas in Panama (April 10 -11, 2015), this action has great symbolic importance. While the presence of Cuba at the Summit may have been hailed as a diplomatic victory for reconciliation within the Americas, the dispatch of hundreds of US marines to Central America suggests another scenario in the making.Ironically, at the Summit meeting, the Secretary General of the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR), former Colombian president (1994-98) Ernesto Samper, called for the US to remove all its military bases from Latin America, including Guantanamo: “A good point in the new agenda of relations in Latin America would be the elimination of the US military bases”.The point of the US ‘opening’ to Cuba is precisely to signal its greater involvement in Latin America, one that includes a return to more robust US military intervention. The strategic intent is to restore neo-liberal client regimes, by ballots or bullets.ConclusionWashington’s current adoption of a two-track policy is a ‘cheap version’ of the John F. Kennedy policy of combining the ‘Alliance for Progress’ with the ‘Green Berets’. However, Obama offers little in the way of financial support for modernization and reform to complement his drive to restore neo-liberal dominance.After a decade and a half of political retreat, diplomatic isolation and relative loss of military leverage, the Obama regime has taken over six years to recognize the depth of its isolation. When Assistant Secretary for Western Hemisphere Affairs, Roberta Jacobson, claimed she was ‘surprised and disappointed’ when every Latin American country opposed Obama’s claim that Venezuela represented a ‘national security threat to the United States’, she exposed just how ignorant and out-of-touch the State Department has become with regard to Washington’s capacity to influence Latin America in support of its imperial agenda of intervention.With the decline and retreat of the center-left, the Obama regime has been eager to exploit the two-track strategy. As long as the FARC-President Santos peace talks in Colombia advance, Washington is likely to recalibrate its military presence in Colombia to emphasize its destabilization campaign against Venezuela. The State Department will increase diplomatic overtures to Bolivia. The National Endowment for Democracy will intensify its intervention in this year’s Argentine elections.Varied and changing circumstances dictate flexible tactics. Hovering over Washington’s tactical shifts is an ominous strategic outlook directed toward increasing military leverage. As the peace negotiations between the Colombian government and FARC guerrillas advance toward an accord, the pretext for maintaining seven US military bases and several thousand US military and Special Forces troops diminishes. However, Colombian President Santos has given no indication that a ‘peace agreement’ would be conditioned on the withdrawal of US troops or closing of its bases. In other words, the US Southern Command would retain a vital military platform and infrastructure capable of launching attacks against Venezuela, Ecuador, Central America and the Caribbean. With military bases throughout the region, in Colombia, Cuba (Guantanamo), Honduras (Soto Cano in Palmerola), Curacao, Aruba and Peru, Washington can quickly mobilize interventionary forces. Military ties with the armed forces of Uruguay, Paraguay, and Chile ensure continued joint exercises and close co-ordination of so-called ‘security’ policies in the ‘Southern Cone’ of Latin America. This strategy is specifically designed to prepare for internal repression against popular movements, whenever and wherever class struggle intensifies in Latin America. The two-track policy, in force today, plays out through political-diplomatic and military strategies.In the immediate period throughout most of the region, Washington pursues a policy of political, diplomatic and economic intervention and pressure. The White House is counting on the ‘rightwing swing’ of former center-left governments to facilitate the return to power of unabashedly neo-liberal client-regimes in future elections. This is especially true with regard to Brazil and Argentina.The ‘political-diplomatic track’ is evident in Washington’s moves to re-establish relations with Bolivia and to strengthen allies elsewhere in order to leverage favorable policies in Ecuador, Nicaragua and Cuba. Washington proposes to offer diplomatic and trade agreements in exchange for a ‘toning down’ of anti-imperialist criticism and weakening the ‘Chavez-era’ programs of regional integration.The ‘two-track approach’, as applied to Venezuela, has a more overt military component than elsewhere. Washington will continue to subsidize violent paramilitary border crossings from Colombia. It will continue to encourage domestic terrorist sabotage of the power grid and food distribution system. The strategic goal is to erode the electoral base of the Maduro government, in preparation for the legislative elections in the fall of 2015. When it comes to Venezuela, Washington is pursuing a ‘four step’ strategy:(1) Indirect violent intervention to erode the electoral support of the government(2) Large-scale financing of the electoral campaign of the legislative opposition to secure a majority in Congress(3) A massive media campaign in favor of a Congressional vote for a referendum impeaching the President(4) A large-scale financial, political and media campaign to secure a majority vote for impeachment by referendum.In the likelihood of a close vote, the Pentagon would prepare a rapid military intervention with its domestic collaborators – seeking a ‘Honduras-style’ overthrow of Maduro.The strategic and tactical weakness of the two-track policy is the absence of any sustained and comprehensive economic aid, trade and investment program that would attract and hold middle class voters. Washington is counting more on the negative effects of the crisis to restore its neo-liberal clients. The problem with this approach is that the pro-US forces can only promise a return to orthodox austerity programs, reversing social and public welfare programs , while making large-scale economic concessions to major foreign investors and bankers. The implementation of such regressive programs are going to ignite and intensify class, community-based and ethnic conflicts.The ‘electoral transition’ strategy of the US is a temporary expedient, in light of the highly unpopular economic policies, which it would surely implement. The complete absence of any substantial US socio-economic aid to cushion the adverse effects on working families means that the US client-electoral victories will not last long. That is why and where the US strategic military build-up comes into play: The success of track-one, the pursuit of political-diplomatic tactics, will inevitably polarize Latin American society and heighten prospects for class struggle. Washington hopes that it will have its political-military client-allies ready to respond with violent repression. Direct intervention and heightened domestic repression will come into play to secure US dominance.The ‘two-track strategy’ will, once again, evolve into a ‘one-track strategy’ designed to return Latin America as a satellite region, ripe for pillage by extractive multi-nationals and financial speculators.As we have seen over the past decade and a half, ‘one-track policies’ lead to social upheavals. And the next time around the results may go far beyond progressive center-left regimes toward truly social-revolutionary governments!EpilogueUS empire-builders have clearly demonstrated throughout the world their inability to intervene and produce stable, prosperous and productive client states (Iraq and Libya are prime examples). There is no reason to believe, even if the US ‘two-track policy’ leads to temporary electoral victories, that Washington’s efforts to restore dominance will succeed in Latin America, least of all because its strategy lacks any mechanism for economic aid and social reforms that could maintain a pro-US elite in power. For example, how could the US possibly offset China’s $50 billion aid package to Brazil – except through violence and repression.It is important to analyze how the rise of China, Russia, strong regional markets and new centers of finance have severely weakened the efforts by client regimes to realign with the US. Military coups and free markets are no longer guaranteed formulas for success in Latin America: Their past failures are too recent to forget.Finally the ‘financialization’ of the US economy, what even the International Monetary Fund (IMF) describes as the negative impact of ‘too much finance’ (Financial Times 5/13/15, p 4), means that the US cannot allocate capital resources to develop productive activity in Latin America. The imperial state can only serve as a violent debt collector for its banks in the context of large-scale unemployment. Financial and extractive imperialism is a politico-economic cocktail for detonating social revolution on a continent-wide basis – far beyond the capacity of the US marines to prevent or suppress.
  • Power of Gold: China Establishes Its Largest Gold-Investment Fund
    By Sputnik China is boosting its influence in global gold markets by establishing its largest gold-investment fund led by Shanghai Gold Exchange (SGE), which is expected to raise about 100 billion yuan ($16.1 billion).China has established its largest gold-investment fund in northwest China's Xi'an City, the ancient starting point of the famous Silk Road, aiming to bolster Beijing's role in global gold trade. Americans Fear Beijing, Moscow May Introduce New Gold Standard The initiative is a part of China's ambitious New Silk Road project and about 60 countries have already invested in the "Silk Road Gold Fund." While the new fund is aiming to invest in mining projects in the region, it is expected that central banks of the member states will increase their holdings in the precious metal.Citing state-run Shanghai Securities Journal, Asia markets expert Laura He underscores that in addition to buying stakes in gold-mining projects and companies along the New Silk Road, the gold fund will be also aimed at investing in gold-mine stocks and establishing gold exchange-traded funds."The fund may also boost China's power over the world gold market and could increase the use of the yuan in pricing gold," Laura He noted, quoting Chinese economist Song Qinghui. Chinese Yuan May Become World Currency After IMF ‘Approval’ Another Chinese expert, Tang Xisheng from the Industrial Fund Management Co. shares the similar stance."China does not have a big say in gold pricing because it accounts for a small share of international gold trade. Therefore, the Chinese government seeks to increase the influence of RMB in gold pricing by opening the domestic gold market to international investors," Tang Xisheng said as cited by Xinhua.According to Laura He, the major stakeholders of the fund are Shaanxi Gold Group and Shandong Gold Group (with a combined 60 percent stake), Shanghai-listed Industrial Bank Co. and Sichuan Western Resources Holding Co. (each holding 15 percent).Some experts suggest that the ultimate goal of Beijing is to create a viable alternative to London's global gold trading center with a prospect of establishing the world's largest gold trading hub in China.Indeed, Asia's gold demand is growing rapidly, accounting for more than 70 percent of the global total. Today China is the world's largest gold producer, and both major importer and consumer of the precious metal.Predictably, Asia's "golden rush" raises concerns in the West, prompting Western mass media to speculate that Beijing may soon introduce a new gold standard to displace the dollar. Furthermore, China may introduce its gold fixing reference price in yuan before the end of this year, reports say.Meanwhile, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has recently admitted that the Chinese currency is "no longer undervalued," actually opening doors for the yuan to global currency market.In the light of Beijing's latest move, the dollar proponents' concerns are looking far from being "groundless."
  • Stock index options are coming to China
    By Author: Asia Unhedged May 27, 2015 "Asia Time" The China Financial Futures Exchange (CFFEX) will soon launch the country’s first-ever stock index options, the state media reported earlier this week.The first batch would be based on China’s blue-chip CSI300 index and SSE50 index as well as the small-cap CSI500, CFFEX Chairman Zhang Shenfeng told a financial forum over the weekend.“Innovation in China’s derivatives market is still at an early stage,” said Zhang, according to the official Shanghai Securities News. “However, the markets have huge potential and promising prospects.”Stock index options will be the third product to be launched by the CFFEX. Currently, the exchange, which opened in 2006 to develop China’s financial derivatives markets, trades stock index futures and government bond futures.Buyers of options contracts have the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset at an agreed upon price during a certain period of time. They allow investors to hedge their investments.So far, this year regulators have approved many new exchange-traded derivatives. These include individual stock options listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange and asset-backed securities issued by financial firms.(Copyright 2015 Asia Times Holdings Limited, a duly registered Hong Kong company. All rights reserved. Please contact us about sales, syndication and republishing.)
  • USA vs. Turkey: “Energy Wars” Battlefront News (I)
    By Pyotr ISKENDEROV | 28.05.2015 | 15:10 "Strategic Culture Foundation" Global energy wars keep on raging on. Those in the West who wish Russia ill have suffered a major setback. Millions of barrels of untapped oil that U.S. shale drillers discovered during the boom years are about to disappear from their inventories as a result of falling oil prices caused, among other things, by the policy pursued by Saudi Arabia, the US main ally in the Middle East.What does it mean in practice? According to Bloomberg, more than 5, 4 billion barrels are attributed to the wells that don’t exist yet. It could easily be 15 or 20 years before some of these wells get drilled if prices stay at these levels. It results in stagnation of US shale gas production with small and medium companies suffering losses. The situation makes Washington and its allies review the current energy (and not energy only) policy.The hype surrounding shale gas production started in 2008. Since then all proved reserves of oil and natural gas liquids found by US companies have reached 9, 7 billion barrels.Undrilled prospects have always been part of oil companies’ inventories. The untapped resources are viewed by investors and lenders as a sign of a company’s growth potential. According to Bloomberg, it helped the industry attract more than $230 billion in bonds, loans and share sales since 2008. The shale boom has pushed U.S. oil production to the highest in about 50 years and slashed the country’s reliance on imported fuel. [1]Some US shale gas producers resorted to tricks. Devon and Chesapeake were among the first companies to unlock oil and gas trapped in deep underground layers of shale. As the shale revolution started the oil industry argued that these techniques made shale formations predictable across wide expanses, and that the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) should allow the untapped wells further from producing properties should still count as proved. Until 2008 only wells on the verge of exploitation had considered to be such. The companies harbored great aspirations to get them involved in vibrant lobbying activities. It brought results. Eventually, the regulator agreed to consider proved the reserves that could be extracted without inflicting any losses on producers. Undrilled prospects have become a much larger share since the SEC changed the rules. Undeveloped properties account for 43 percent of proved reserves for the 44 companies, the data show, up from 26 percent at the end of 2008. And there was a catch in agreement reached with U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission: to count the undrilled properties as proved reserves, the companies had to tap them within five years or erase them from their books. Now, as oil prices go down, US companies fail to comply.As a result, the world may see the decline of what is nowadays called the “shale revolution”. The shale bubble may burst. It will inevitably strike European countries, politicians and companies that counted on geopolitical changes to be brought about by the United States taking the place of Russia as the main energy supplier.All told, no wonder Europeans become more inclined to take part in Russia-sponsored energy projects.Harboring plans to participate in the Turkish Stream pipeline project, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania have already discussed the prospects for Eastring, a pipeline project for Central and South-Eastern Europe, that could be used as part of new route to supply Europe with Russian gas. The project is initiated by Eastream, a Slovak gas pipeline operator. Mirek Topolánek, Head of International Development and Public Affairs of Eastream said: “We propose a project which offers direct and cost-effective bi-directional transmission route between Turkey and the rest of the Europe. This project will be able to transport natural gas from different areas and alternative sources – it will bring gas from Turkish border to Europe and also from liquid European gas hubs to Turkey. In the same time it will provide South-Eastern Europe with gas from the European gas hubs. By offering the opportunity for diversification of transmission routes as well as supply sources the project enhances the security of supply, especially in the countries of the South-eastern Europe. All these highlight the strategic nature of the Eastring project.” [2]European gas consumers and Turkey, a state playing a key role in the would-be gas supply project, will be the ones to directly influence the situation on the battlefields of raging “energy wars”.The United States is pursuing its own geopolitical and global economic goals. It makes Washington seek weak points to frustrate the Turkish Stream project trying to make a cat's paw of somebody else so that it could avoid a direct conflict with Turkey which is too important being a leading Middle East actor.The United States contributes into destabilization of Macedonia, a potential transit country on the way of future gas pipeline. Besides, the United States is increasing pressure on Greece. Amos Hochstein, the Special Envoy and Coordinator for International Energy Affairs leading the Bureau of Energy Resources (ENR) at the U.S. Department of State, visited Greece to openly call on its government to refuse participation in the Turkish Stream. According to him, the project does not take into account the financial needs of Greece and makes no contribution into promoting the country’s investment attractiveness. Nonetheless, it is well known that energy projects normally bring in high profits, create new working places and ensure profits from transit levies. That is exactly what Greece needs now more than ever.The Turkish leading media outlets are unanimous in their opinion that the pressure exerted by Washington on Athens testifies to the fact that the US administration goes to any length to frustrate Russian gas supplies to Europe. That’s what it uses the Trans-Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline (TANAP), a project that faced great challenges even at the initial phase as it lacked suppliers to fill the pipe. [3] According to Turkish media, the USA is exasperated with the Russia’s plans to make its gas routes go around Ukraine depriving Kiev (and also Washington) of its role as a “regulator” of Moscow-Brussels relationship. It makes Barack Obama’s administration to seek ways to “weaken the positions” of Russia on other fronts of “energy war”. [4]Many Turkish experts believe that the Turkish Stream project has a great chance to be implemented. [5] It is at least too early to say that TANAP constitutes a serious alternative to the Turkish Stream pipeline project. According to Turkish Dünya, the implementation of the Russian-Turkish project will bring Russian gas to the threshold of Europe. Actually, there will be no need for other pipelines. The newspaper believes that in perspective the Turkish Stream project can encompass the entire Middle East. Sooner or later, Iranian, Iraqi, Israeli and Greek gas will have to go through the projected hub to be built at the border between Greece and Turkey.(To be continued)Endnotes:[1] top.rbc.ru[2] http://www.vz.ru/news/2015/5/22/746844.html[3] Milliyet, 05.21.2015[4] Dünya, 05. 21.2015[5] http://inosmi.ru/overview/20150525/228210565.htmlAuthor: Peotr Iskenderov, PH.D., senior research fellow at the Institute of Slavic Studies, the Russian Academy of Sciences, international news reporter, Rossiya Segodnya news agency.
  • ISIL Capture of Strategic Cities in Iraq, Syria Result of US-ISIL Alliance
    By Sputnik The recent developments in Syria and Iraq show that US is not serious in fighting the ISIL militants, says Egyptian analyst.The West, specially the US, is not serious in its fight against the Takfiri terrorists, says an Egyptian analyst, Iranian media reports. Declassified Pentagon Report: US 'Created' ISIL as Tool Against Assad According to Abdel Fattah Mohammad the recent fall of two strategic cities in Iraq and Syria to Islamic State terrorists was, rather, the result of a US-ISIL alliance."The simultaneous fall of Palmyra (also known in Arabic as Tadmor) in Syria with that of Ramadi in Iraq in the presence of the anti-ISIL coalition shows that the US and the ISIL are on the same side," Abdel Fattah Mohammad told FNA on Wednesday.He stressed that someone who looks at the developments of Syria and Iraq from outside clearly sees a relationship between the simultaneous collapse of Palmyra and Ramadi."After nine months since the beginning of the US-led anti-ISIL coalition's airstrikes on ISIL positions in Iraq and Syria, the coalition is still incapable of preventing the ISIL advances in both countries because the US is cooperating with the ISIL," Mohammad said.The city of Palmyra is strategically located at the crossroads of main highways leading west to Damascus and Homs, and East to Iraq.The antiquities officials are anxious that ISIL wants to destroy Palmyra’s pre-Islamic cultural treasure, which include colonnaded streets and ancient citadels.
  • Afghan Insurgency Spreading North
    By Nikolai BOBKIN | 28.05.2015 | 00:00 "Strategic Culture Foundation" Afghanistan comes to the fore of Central Asian agenda. The situation has greatly exacerbated in the northern Afghan provinces. General John F. Campbell, the commander of the Resolute Support Mission and United States Forces - Afghanistan and the last commander of the International Security Assistance Force, spoke during a press conference in Kabul, Afghanistan, Saturday, May 23, 2015. According to him, the Islamic State group is actively recruiting in the country but is not yet operational there. General Campbell said the group’s sophisticated social media campaign was attracting Taliban fighters based in Afghanistan and Pakistan. As a result, many were pledging allegiance to the Islamic State (IS) group. «We don’t want it to continue to grow», he said, adding that efforts were being made to ensure its presence did not reach levels similar to Syria and Iraq. «In fact, Taliban and Daesh are reportedly fighting each other», the General said, using an acronym for the Islamic State group. «It is absolutely a concern».This statement will hardly smooth worries away especially in view that nothing is done to rectify the situation as events unfold unfavorably for those who oppose the Islamic State. Until recently it had been widely believed that the central authorities in Kabul were fighting the Taliban. Now a third belligerent emerged. Afghanistan’s National Security Adviser, Mohammad Hanif Atmar, has said that the presence of Daesh, or the Islamic State, is growing. According to him, the group plans to seize control of Central Asia and then move to Russia. The efforts to fight the Islamic State in Afghanistan are not enough to counter the threat. True, the Taliban and the Islamic State don’t join forces; to the contrary they fight each other. But it should not give rise to illusions. Many Taliban fighters join the ranks of the Islamic State. It’s hard to say how many of them have already changed sides but it’s evident that the Islamic State recruiting efforts have been a success so far. This January the Islamic State anointed a former Taliban leader, known as Hafiz Saeed Khan, as their new overload in southern Asia and the sub-continent. Saeed, who is also known as Mulla Saeed Orakzai, was appointed the leader of a new group called IS Khorasan, an offshoot of Abu Bakhr al-Baghdadi's militant group which spans Pakistan, Afghanistan, India and Bangladesh, as well as some parts of Central Asia. The installation of Saeed, a former Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), automatically makes him one of the most powerful warlords in the Middle East. Other groups have also pledged allegiance to the Islamic State, for instance: The East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM) and the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU).Obviously the Islamic States is trying to spread instability beyond the borders of the Middle East. It targets Central Asia. An outright military intervention may not be that imminent but the incitement of internal tensions in the Central Asian states is something to expect.Many citizens of Central Asia go to Iraq and Syria willing to join the Islamic State militants. They will come back. Islamists have already gained experience of armed struggle against the government forces in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. They will apply the acquired skills to kill in their respective countries upon return. The social problems have become exacerbated in the Central Asian states. The opposition uses this factor to its advantage. The living standards are low, internal strife is in full swing with corruption and unemployment omnipresent and pervasive. According to Russian Federal Migration Service, around nine million immigrants from Central Asia worked in Russia in 2014. Now the Central Asian states themselves are going to be hit by a wave of immigrants coming from Afghanistan. There still remain circumstances in Afghanistan that could trigger a mass influx of refugees to the Central Asian countries, Mr. Bernard Doyle, UNHCR Regional Representative and Regional Coordinator for Central Asia, told in an interview with AKIpress on May 25. He did not make precise what exactly circumstances he meant. Will Central Asia cope? In 2014 the number of refugees there did not exceed three thousand but the situation has significantly worsened recently in the border areas of Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. 900 ethnic Turkmen families are asking Turkmenistan for political asylum. They had to leave homes because of combat actions. Until now they haven’t got a reply. The fighting has been raging near the Turkmenistan border for a few weeks already. Militants keep on gaining ground seizing new populated areas. They have many foreigners in their ranks. The leaders of Afghan provinces complain that Kabul ignores their pleas for urgent help. The Taliban says its fighters don’t take part in the hostilities.Some surmise that it’s all part of a complicated plot. The situation in the areas adjacent to the Turkmenistan - Afghanistan border is getting tense. Turkmenistan is moving forces closer to the border. It is building fortifications. The government has declared partial mobilization. According to General Lloyd Austin, Commander of US Central Command, Turkmenistan has asked the United States for military aid.The International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) completed the mission in Afghanistan at the end of 2014 (NATO took command of the United Nations-mandated mission in Afghanistan in August 2003). However, support for the continued development of the Afghan security forces and institutions, and wider cooperation with Afghanistan continue. The U.S. handed over responsibility for security to local Afghans in 2014, but Obama has not specified a date for the withdrawal of all American troops from the country. According to the President, the last American troops will leave Afghanistan at the end of 2016. On March 24, Barack Obama announced that the withdrawal of US forces from Afghanistan would be slowed and the remaining 9,800 troops would stay there through the end of 2015. The servicemen keep away from taking part in combat actions. Instead they concentrate on training and auxiliary missions. This development does not change the central issue, which is the Obama administration's withdrawal date of December 2016 for all U.S. forces.NATO Ministers of Foreign Affairs held a session in Antalya, Turkey, on May 13-14. It was agreed that NATO will keep some troops in Afghanistan even after its current training mission ends around the end of next year in a signal of support for Afghan security forces struggling to repel a Taliban offensive. "Today we agreed that we will maintain a presence in Afghanistan even after the end of our current mission," NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg told a news conference during the meeting. On May 23, General Campbell said that the leaders of the United States and other NATO nations are intensifying discussions about future support for Afghanistan, probably meaning at least some American troops will remain here well after President Obama leaves office. According to him, NATO military commanders plan to establish a base in Kabul to help distribute aid, facilitate weapons sales and continue efforts to train Afghan security forces. Although Campbell stressed that NATO civilian officials probably will be in charge of the new mission, a contingent of troops also would be needed to secure the base. He added that NATO forces also could be used to help bolster the Afghan air force and intelligence service. Americans don’t plan get involved in hostilities but they intend to maintain control over Afghan authorities and military command. The have exercised the control long enough and here are the results. In some mysterious way Afghan security forces are successfully fighting back the Taliban in the south and east of the country (the Taliban is daily reported to suffer losses in the Ghazni and Gilmend provinces) but fail to gain ground against the relatively small formations of militants in the areas near the border with Central Asia.NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg went to Afghanistan in November 2014. During the visit he visited the Afghan National Army Special Operations Command at Camp Morehead in Kabul, where the chief of North Atlantic Alliance praised the progress of Afghan commando units. «I have seen a highly trained, experienced and professional force," Stoltenberg said. For over a year Afghan soldiers and police have led security operations across the country, and at the end of this year you will take full charge of security. But you will not stand alone. NATO and our partners will continue to support you." These words give rise to a question - why the Afghan military is doing its best to avoid clashes with the armed formations of opposition in the north of the country? Neither Washington, nor Kabul offers a reasonable answer.